What are the signs and symptoms of coronary artery atherosclerosis?

Updated: Apr 09, 2021
  • Author: Sandy N Shah, DO, MBA, FACC, FACP, FACOI; Chief Editor: Yasmine S Ali, MD, MSCI, FACC, FACP  more...
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Answer

The signs and symptoms of coronary artery atherosclerosis include the following:

  • Chest pain or pressure

  • Jaw pain

  • Shortness of breath

  • Weakness, fatigue, reduced exertional capacity

  • Dizziness, palpitations

  • Leg swelling (when left ventricular dysfunction is present)

  • Weight gain (when left ventricular dysfunction is present)

  • Diaphoresis

  • Stable angina pectoris

  • Intermittent claudication

  • Tachycardia: Common in persons with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI)

  • Atrial fibrillation

  • Ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation

  • High or low blood pressure

  • S4 gallop: A common early finding of diastolic dysfunction

  • S3 gallop: An indication of reduced left ventricular function and a poor prognostic sign

  • Heart murmurs

  • Tachypnea

  • Syncope

  • Pulmonary edema (in acute cases of myocardial infarction or congestive heart failure)

See Presentation for more detail.


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