What are the goals of drug treatment for dilated cardiomyopathy?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: Vinh Q Nguyen, MD; Chief Editor: Gyanendra K Sharma, MD, FACC, FASE  more...
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Answer

The goals of pharmacotherapy include symptom relief, improved cardiac output, shortened hospital stay, fewer emergency department visits, reversal of injury process, and decreased mortality. Drug classes used include angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, beta-blockers, aldosterone antagonists, cardiac glycosides, diuretics, nitrates, vasodilators, sacubitril-valsartan, ivabradine, antiarrhythmics, and inotropic agents.

In cases of dilated cardiomyopathy secondary to myocarditis, corticosteroids have been suggested to be helpful in decreasing inflammation; however, the Multicenter Myocarditis Treatment Trial showed no benefit in the use of corticosteroids and azathioprine for treatment of biopsy-proven inflammation in dilated cardiomyopathy. Some smaller uncontrolled studies have shown benefit, but these results have not been confirmed with a controlled study.


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