Which dietary and activity modifications are used in the treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: Vinh Q Nguyen, MD; Chief Editor: Gyanendra K Sharma, MD, FACC, FASE  more...
  • Print
Answer

The importance of patient education cannot be overemphasized, especially regarding dietary restrictions. Dietary recommendations include sodium and water restrictions. An average United States diet contains 6 g of salt per day. Avoiding extra table salt decreases this intake to 3 g/day. Patients with chronic heart failure should restrict their salt intake to less than 2-4 g/day.

Fluid restriction is necessary in symptomatic stages of the disease. Patients with hyperkalemia due to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy sometimes respond to a low-potassium diet.

Encourage patients to exercise moderately, because deconditioning is a very common cause of dyspnea. Cardiac rehabilitation has been shown to improve patient outcomes.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!