What are the surgical options for the treatment of refractory dilated cardiomyopathy?

Updated: Mar 02, 2021
  • Author: Vinh Q Nguyen, MD, FACC; Chief Editor: Gyanendra K Sharma, MD, FACC, FASE  more...
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Various surgical options are available for patients with disease refractory to medical therapy. These include the following:

  • Left ventricular assist devices

  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy (biventricular pacing)

  • Automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

  • Ventricular restoration surgery

  • Heart transplantation

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