What is HIV-associated dilated cardiomyopathy?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: Vinh Q Nguyen, MD; Chief Editor: Gyanendra K Sharma, MD, FACC, FASE  more...
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Answer

Cardiac manifestations of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) include myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, pericardial effusion, vasculitis, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance secondary to the use protease inhibitors, coronary artery disease, and hypertension secondary to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-related metabolic syndrome/lipodystrophy. [24]  The hazard ratio for death with cardiomyopathy is 4.0. [25]


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