What is Chagas dilated cardiomyopathy?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: Vinh Q Nguyen, MD, FACC; Chief Editor: Gyanendra K Sharma, MD, FACC, FASE  more...
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Answer

Chagas disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. The acute presentation is characterized by dyspnea, fever, myalgia, hepatosplenomegaly, and myocarditis. Chronic infection involves the esophagus, colon, and heart. The disease is mainly distributed across Latin America, but Chagas disease may also involve regions in the United States. Cardiac manifestations include biventricular enlargement with dysfunction, apical aneurysm, sinus node dysfunction, and high-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. [22]


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