Which conditions that may stimulate pericardial effusion can be identified with 2-D echocardiography?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: Chakri Yarlagadda, MD, FACC, FSCAI, FASNC, CCDS; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

Conditions that may simulate pericardial effusion on 2-D echocardiography include the following:

  • A large left pleural effusion

  • Any tumor surrounding the heart

  • Mitral annular calcification

  • A descending thoracic aorta

  • A catheter in the right ventricle

  • An enlarged left atrium

  • An annular subvalvular LV aneurysm

  • A bronchogenic cyst


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