What are the causes of cardiac tamponade?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: Chakri Yarlagadda, MD, FACC, FSCAI, FASNC, CCDS; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

For all patients, malignant diseases are the most common cause of pericardial tamponade. Among etiologies for tamponade, Merce et al reported the following incidence rates:

  • Malignant diseases - 30-60% of cases

  • Uremia - 10-15% of cases

  • Idiopathic pericarditis - 5-15%

  • Infectious diseases - 5-10%

  • Anticoagulation - 5-10%

  • Connective tissue diseases - 2-6%

  • Dressler or postpericardiotomy syndrome - 1-2%


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