What are the signs and symptoms of cardiac tamponade?

Updated: Nov 28, 2018
  • Author: Chakri Yarlagadda, MD, FACC, FSCAI, FASNC, CCDS; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Symptoms vary with the acuteness and underlying cause of the tamponade. Patients with acute tamponade may present with dyspnea, tachycardia, and tachypnea. Cold and clammy extremities from hypoperfusion are also observed in some patients. Other symptoms and signs may include the following:

  • Elevated jugular venous pressure

  • Pulsus paradoxus

  • Chest pressure

  • Decreased urine output

  • Confusion

  • Dysphoria

See Clinical Presentation for more detail.

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