What consultations are recommended for atrial fibrillation (Afib) (AF)?

Updated: Nov 18, 2019
  • Author: Lawrence Rosenthal, MD, PhD, FACC, FHRS; Chief Editor: Jeffrey N Rottman, MD  more...
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Consultation with a cardiac electrophysiologist or knowledgeable clinician is recommended prior to antiarrhythmic drug initiation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

A cardiologist may be consulted emergently if complicating factors are present or if the patient is experiencing ongoing cardiac ischemia or infarction not treatable with direct current (DC) cardioversion, rate-reduction measures, and standard chest pain protocols. [146] A patient with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and new-onset AF who is stable may benefit from simple rate-control measures (eg, intravenous beta-blockers) while being prepared for the catheterization laboratory and while intravenous nitrates, heparin, and aspirin are initiated. In the patient with an ST elevation MI (STEMI), the main emphasis, however, is to minimize door-to-open-artery time.

A patient's cardiologist plays a vital role in determining the most appropriate long-term strategy for a patient with AF and provides crucial follow-up care.

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