Which is the best method of cardioversion for patients with atrial fibrillation (Afib) (AF)?

Updated: Nov 18, 2019
  • Author: Lawrence Rosenthal, MD, PhD, FACC, FHRS; Chief Editor: Jeffrey N Rottman, MD  more...
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Biphasic waveforms are proved to convert AF at lower energies and higher rates than monophasic waveforms. Strategies include dose escalation (70, 120, 150, 170 J for biphasic or 100, 200, 300, 360 J for monophasic) versus beginning with single high energy/highest success rate for single shock delivered. Patients who are stable and/or awake and can tolerate sedation should be pretreated, with typical regimens involving midazolam, fentanyl, and propofol.

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