What is the efficacy and safety of ACE inhibitors and ACE-receptor blockers (ARB) to reduce recurrence of atrial fibrillation (Afib) (AF) in patients with heart failure?

Updated: Apr 09, 2019
  • Author: Lawrence Rosenthal, MD, PhD, FACC, FHRS; Chief Editor: Jeffrey N Rottman, MD  more...
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Answer

Trials examining the incidence of AF in patients with heart failure who are treated with ACE inhibitors or ARBs have demonstrated a potential beneficial effect on AF recurrence. This recurrence is thought to be mediated by blocking the rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and the downstream effects on atrial mechanical and electrical remodeling. [104, 105, 106]

A study by Yusuf et al examined the effects of irbesartan in patients with permanent AF or at least two episodes of paroxysmal AF in the previous 6 months. [107] Irbesartan did not demonstrate a benefit in patients with AF who were already receiving an ACE inhibitor or patients in sinus rhythm. No reduction in cardiovascular death, stroke, or myocardial infarction was noted in the patient population studied.


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