Which transesophageal echocardiography findings predict low acute risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (Afib) (AF)?

Updated: Nov 18, 2019
  • Author: Lawrence Rosenthal, MD, PhD, FACC, FHRS; Chief Editor: Jeffrey N Rottman, MD  more...
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Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a good predictor of acute risk. If no thrombus is seen in the cardiac chambers, particularly the left atrial appendage, and dense spontaneous echo contrast is not seen, cardioversion has low acute risk of stroke. Effective anticoagulation in patients with AF reduces the risk of stroke 3-fold after 4-6 weeks.

Patient management for newly diagnosed atrial fibr Patient management for newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (Afib). *Therapeutic anticoagulation implies either treatment with warfarin with a therapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) (2-3) or with newer oral anticoagulants (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, or edoxaban). Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)/cardioversion should be performed with an anticoagulation strategy using either low molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) 1 mg/kg twice daily as a bridge, with initiation of warfarin (INR 2-3) or newer oral anticoagulants.

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