What is the role of imaging studies in the diagnosis of burning mouth syndrome (BMS)?

Updated: Apr 15, 2021
  • Author: Vincent D Eusterman, MD, DDS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Imaging is rarely indicated but may be useful to identify specific causes of secondary burning mouth syndrome (BMS), as follows:

  • CT scans of the head may be useful if a mass lesion is suspected.

  • MRI of the head, brain, and/or spinal cord may assist in diagnosing mass lesions (either neoplastic or infectious) or other lesions of the nervous system that may explain symptoms such as multiple sclerosis.

  • Thyroid echography is useful if gross thyroid lesions are suspected.

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