What is the role of anxiety in the etiology of burning mouth syndrome (BMS)?

Updated: Apr 15, 2021
  • Author: Vincent D Eusterman, MD, DDS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Anxiety, if present, is usually considered an exacerbating factor, rather than a cause of the chronic pain picture of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). [21] Cases of spontaneous resolution of symptoms after positive life events have been reported. Patients with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) may also have increased salivary cortisol relative to controls, indicative of higher levels of stress. [36] A proportion of patients have anxiety centered around concerns of cancer, or cancerphobia. [37] At this point, the nature of the association between burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and anxiety is not clear.

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