What is the mortality rate of percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty in patients with congenital aortic stenosis (AS)?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: Xiushui (Mike) Ren, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

In children, adolescents, and young adults with congenital aortic stenosis, percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty carries a mortality risk of 1% and may be an alternative to surgical valvotomy. The risk of causing significant aortic regurgitation is 10%. Although exercise restriction is sometimes recommended to avoid the risk of sudden unexpected death for some patients with congenital aortic stenosis, a recent study by Brown et al suggests that sudden unexpected death is extremely rare following balloon valvuloplasty, and the study found no beneficial effect for exercise restriction after the procedure is performed. [28]


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