What is the role of chest radiography in the diagnosis of aortic stenosis (AS)?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: Xiushui (Mike) Ren, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

Even in the presence of significant aortic stenosis, the cardiac size often is normal, with rounding of the LV border and apex. Poststenotic dilatation of the ascending aorta is common.

On lateral views, aortic valve calcification is found in almost all adults with hemodynamically significant aortic stenosis. Although its absence on fluoroscopy in individuals older than 35 years rules out severe valvular aortic stenosis, its presence does not prove severe obstruction in individuals older than 60 years.

The left atrium may be slightly enhanced, and pulmonary venous hypertension may be seen. In later, more severe stages of aortic stenosis, radiographic signs of left atrial enlargement, pulmonary artery enlargement, right-sided enlargement, calcification of the aortic valve, and pulmonary congestion may be evident.


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