What heart sounds are characteristic of aortic stenosis (AS)?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: Xiushui (Mike) Ren, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

S1 is usually normal or soft. The aortic component of the second heart sound, A2, is usually diminished or absent, because the aortic valve is calcified and immobile and/or the aortic ejection is prolonged and it is obscured by the prolonged systolic ejection murmur. The presence of a normal or accentuated A2 speaks against the presence of severe aortic stenosis.

Paradoxical splitting of the S2 also occurs, resulting from late closure of the aortic valve with delayed A2. P2 may also be accentuated in the presence of secondary pulmonary hypertension.


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