What is the history of syncope in patients with aortic stenosis (AS)?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: Xiushui (Mike) Ren, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

Syncope from aortic stenosis often occurs upon exertion when systemic vasodilatation in the presence of a fixed forward stroke volume causes the arterial systolic blood pressure to decline. It also may be caused by atrial or ventricular tachyarrhythmias.

Syncope at rest may be due to transient ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, or (if calcification of the valve extends into the conduction system) atrioventricular block. Another cause of syncope is abnormal vasodepressor reflexes due to increased LV intracavitary pressure (vasodepressor syncope).

Syncope may be accompanied by convulsions. [18]

Patients with aortic stenosis may have a higher incidence of nitroglycerin-induced syncope than does the general population. Always consider aortic stenosis as a possible etiology for a patient who demonstrates particular hemodynamic sensitivity to nitrates.


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