What is the prognosis of degenerative calcific aortic stenosis (AS)?

Updated: May 07, 2019
  • Author: Xiushui (Mike) Ren, MD; Chief Editor: Terrence X O'Brien, MD, MS, FACC  more...
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Answer

Although the obstruction tends to progress more rapidly in degenerative calcific aortic valve disease than in congenital or rheumatic disease, predicting the rate of progression in individual patients is not possible. Catheterization and echocardiographic studies suggest that, on average, the valve area declines 0.1 to 0.3 cm2 per year; the systolic pressure gradient across the valve can increase by as much as 10-15 mm Hg per year. Obstruction progresses more rapidly in elderly patients with coronary artery disease and chronic renal insufficiency.


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