How are groin hernias classified?

Updated: Sep 14, 2018
  • Author: Ajita R Shah, MD; Chief Editor: Kurt E Roberts, MD  more...
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Answer

Groin hernias include the following:

  • Indirect inguinal hernia - Bounded by the inguinal (Hesselbach) triangle, an indirect inguinal hernia passes through the internal inguinal ring; it is the most common hernia type and is more commonly seen in males
  • Direct inguinal hernia - This type is similarly bounded by the inguinal triangle, but it passes directly through the muscular and fascial wall of the abdomen; it carries a minimal risk of incarceration
  • Femoral hernia - Originating below the inguinal ligament, a femoral hernia passes through the transversalis fascia and through the femoral canal; it presents a high risk of incarceration [2]

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