Which physical findings are characteristic of Burkitt lymphoma (BL)?

Updated: Dec 20, 2019
  • Author: Ali H Kanbar, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Major signs of Burkitt lymphoma include a soft-tissue mass associated with the involvement of the jaw or other facial bones, rapidly enlarged cervical lymph nodes, abdominal masses, and ascites. The physical examination findings depend on the sites of extranodal involvement and may include the following:

  • Abdominal tenderness

  • Ascites

  • Abdominal mass

  • Hepatosplenomegaly

  • Palpable tumor of the mandibulomaxillary region

  • Ecchymosis and/or petechiae (as a result of thrombocytopenia)

  • Meningeal signs (from CNS disease)

  • Painless lymphadenopathy


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