What is the role of hepcidin in the pathogenesis of anemia of chronic disease and renal failure?

Updated: Nov 27, 2018
  • Author: Edgar V Lerma, MD, FACP, FASN, FAHA, FASH, FNLA, FNKF; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Hepcidin, an endogenous antimicrobial peptide secreted by the liver, has been identified as controlling the level of plasma iron by regulating the intestinal absorption of dietary iron, as well as the release of iron from macrophages and the transfer of iron stored in the hepatocytes. Increase in hepcidin level in the course of inflammatory disease may be a significant mediator of the accompanying anemia.


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