What are the cardiac signs and symptoms of transfusion-induced iron overload?

Updated: May 07, 2021
  • Author: Geneva E Guarin, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Cardiac manifestations (related to heart failure) may include the following:

  • Dyspnea
  • Orthopnea
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  • Swelling of lower extremities

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