What is the global prevalence and mortality rates for HIV infection?

Updated: Apr 02, 2019
  • Author: Ashley T Peterson, MD; Chief Editor: Ronald M Ramus, MD  more...
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Answer

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has estimated that in 2017, approximately 36.7 million people worldwide (1% of the global adult population aged 15-49 y) were infected with HIV, of which 1.8 million people were newly infected; 64% of all people living with HIV worldwide live in sub-Saharan Africa. New HIV infection rates are declining globally as a result of efforts to strengthen HIV prevention and treatment programs. Worldwide, new infections among children declined 47% since 2010 as coverage of ART provided to pregnant women rose 29% in the same time period. Unfortunately, young women in high-prevalence areas of the world, such as sub-Saharan Africa, continue to remain at high risk for HIV with 26% of new infections occurring in women aged 15-24 years despite this age group making up only 10% of the population. In 2016, AIDS claimed an estimated 1 million lives; of which 120,000 were children. [7]


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