What is included in patient education about cold agglutinin disease?

Updated: Aug 28, 2018
  • Author: Salman Abdullah Aljubran, MD; Chief Editor: Michael A Kaliner, MD  more...
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Answer

It is essential to educate patients with chronic cold agglutinin disease about the importance of keeping all body parts warm at all times and avoiding cooling of body parts. Appropriate clothing is necessary in cold environments, and avoidance of cold foods and working in cold storage areas is also important.

Patients must comprehend the importance of their daily folic acid intake, which supplies a needed hematinic. Folic acid could easily become a rate-limiting hematinic in a patient with a chronic hemolytic process.

Teach patients to watch for signs of anemia, such as dyspnea, palpitations, and pallor, and to observe for signs of hemolysis, such as jaundice and dark urine.

For patient education information, see Anemia.


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