Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of cold agglutinin disease?

Updated: Aug 28, 2018
  • Author: Salman Abdullah Aljubran, MD; Chief Editor: Michael A Kaliner, MD  more...
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Answer

In general, no predilection for either sex is noted, although some report a female predilection in older populations. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia appears to be more common in male children and female adolescents. [5, 27]

Only rarely do Infants and children develop chronic cold agglutinin disease, although Mycoplasma pneumoniae and infectious mononucleosis are diseases of young persons. Chronic cold agglutinin disease typically affects adults who are of middle age and older, with an average age of older than 60 years and peaking in the seventh and eighth decades of life. Although found in persons of all age groups, mixed autoimmune hemolysis is also more frequent in later life.


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