Which medications are used in the treatment of anaphylaxis?

Updated: May 16, 2018
  • Author: S Shahzad Mustafa, MD; Chief Editor: Michael A Kaliner, MD  more...
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Answer

The primary drug treatments for acute anaphylactic reactions are epinephrine and H1 antihistamines. Medications used in patients with anaphylaxis include the following:

  • Adrenergic agonists (eg, epinephrine)

  • Antihistamines (eg, diphenhydramine, hydroxyzine)

  • H2 receptor antagonists (eg, cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine)

  • Bronchodilators (eg, albuterol)

  • Corticosteroids (eg, methylprednisolone, prednisone)

  • Positive inotropic agents (eg, glucagon)

  • Vasopressors (eg, dopamine)


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