What are the essential elements of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children?

Updated: Sep 15, 2020
  • Author: Catharine A Bon, MD; Chief Editor: Kirsten A Bechtel, MD  more...
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The following are considered essential elements of high-quality CPR:

  • Compression rate of 100-120/min
  • Compression depth to at least one third of the anterior-posterior diameter of the chest (approximately 4 cm in infants to 5 inches in children); for adolescents, the adult compression depth of at least 5 cm, but no more than 6 cm should be used.

  • Complete chest recoil after each compression

  • Minimized interruptions in chest compressions
  • Avoidance of excessive ventilation

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