What are the AHA guidelines for the use of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children?

Updated: Sep 15, 2020
  • Author: Catharine A Bon, MD; Chief Editor: Kirsten A Bechtel, MD  more...
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As with the adult BLS recommendations, the AHA 2010 guidelines revised the initial CPR sequence of steps from ABC (airway, breathing, chest compressions) to CAB (chest compressions, airway, breathing). [44] This change was reaffirmed in the 2015 update, which also offered the revised algorithms for BLS in pediatric cardiac arrest described below. [43]

If the child is unresponsive and not breathing, the responder should shout for help. The first rescuer remains with the child and the second activates the emergency response system and retrieves an AED and other emergency equipment, if available. If the first responder is alone, the emergency response system should be activated via mobile phone.

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