What are complications of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)?

Updated: Sep 15, 2020
  • Author: Catharine A Bon, MD; Chief Editor: Kirsten A Bechtel, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Performing chest compressions may result in the fracturing of ribs or the sternum, although the incidence of increased mortality from such fractures is widely considered to be low. [42]

Artificial respiration using noninvasive ventilation methods (eg, mouth-to-mouth, bag-valve-mask [BVM]) can often result in gastric insufflation. This can lead to vomiting, which can further lead to airway compromise or aspiration. The problem is eliminated by inserting an invasive airway, which prevents air from entering the esophagus.


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