What is the clinical history of fixed drug eruptions (FDE)?

Updated: Oct 09, 2020
  • Author: David F Butler, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

The initial eruption is often solitary and frequently located on the lip or genitalia. Rarely, the eruption may be intraoral. Other common locations of the initial lesion are the hip, lower back/sacrum, or proximal extremity. With the initial fixed drug eruption attack, a delay of up to 2 weeks may occur from the initial exposure to the drug to the development of the skin lesion. [47] Skin lesions develop over a period of hours but require days to become necrotic. Lesions may persist from days to weeks and then fade slowly to residual oval hyperpigmented patches.

Subsequent reexposure to the medication results in a reactivation of the site, with inflammation occurring within 30 minutes to 16 hours. [48] The reactivation of old lesions also may be associated with the development of new lesions at other sites.


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