What are complications of melanoma?

Updated: Mar 08, 2019
  • Author: Jonathan B Heistein, MD; Chief Editor: Gregory Gary Caputy, MD, PhD, FICS  more...
  • Print


Inability to close the excision site primarily is not truly a complication; however, wound dehiscence, skin necrosis, or both can occur from closure under tension. Wound infection is a potential complication. Seromas and lymphoceles occur up to 27% of the time with axillary node dissection, while nerve dysfunction and/or pain can occur 22% of the time, and hematoma can occur 1% of the time. Lymphedema of the upper and lower extremities can complicate axillary and groin lymph node dissections. The rates vary from 2-39%. Avoid incomplete resection at all costs. Careful preoperative evaluation and meticulous attention to detail intraoperatively should help minimize the risk of these complications.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!