What is the global prevalence of melanoma?

Updated: Mar 08, 2019
  • Author: Jonathan B Heistein, MD; Chief Editor: Gregory Gary Caputy, MD, PhD, FICS  more...
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Answer

Answer

Internationally, incidence varies worldwide. White populations in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and the southern United States have the highest rates, while Asian populations in Hong Kong, Singapore, China, India, and Japan have the lowest rates. This suggests that white persons who live in sunny areas are at significant risk.

A study by Sacchetto et al found that invasive and in situ melanoma each increased in incidence in Europe over a 17-year period. Using information from 18 European cancer registries, the report found that between 1995 and 2012, the incidence of invasive melanoma cases underwent an average annual percentage change (AAPC) of 4.0% in men and 3.0% in women, while the incidence of in situ melanoma cases underwent an AAPC of 7.7% in men and 6.2% in women. The study also found that the incidence of thin and thick melanomas had increased in incidence over the same time period, with the rise in the incidence of invasive lesions being primarily associated with thin melanomas. [3]


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