What is the role of surgery in the treatment of low HDL cholesterol (hypoalphalipoproteinemia)?

Updated: May 21, 2021
  • Author: Vibhuti N Singh, MD, MPH, FACC, FSCAI; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Hypoalphalipoproteinemia (HA) may not require any surgical intervention. However, its association with and promotion of atherosclerosis may require a variety of surgical interventions, as follows:

  • Cardiac catheterization, coronary angiography, and various percutaneous interventions for coronary heart disease (CHD)

  • Coronary bypass grafting surgery for patients with CHD

  • Percutaneous interventions and bypass procedures for peripheral vascular disease

  • Carotid endarterectomy for carotid disease

  • Gastric stapling and other related intestinal surgeries for weight reduction and the management of metabolic syndrome

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