Which clinical history findings are associated with secondary causes of low HDL cholesterol (hypoalphalipoproteinemia)?

Updated: May 21, 2021
  • Author: Vibhuti N Singh, MD, MPH, FACC, FSCAI; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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History consistent with secondary causes

  • Cigarette smoking

  • Physical inactivity

  • Renal disease

  • Obesity

  • Medications

  • Androgens

  • Progestins

  • Probucol

  • High-dose thiazides

  • High-dose beta blockers

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