What is the increased risk for developing postnatal cardiovascular disease in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)?

Updated: Apr 29, 2020
  • Author: Thomas R Moore, MD; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

A retrospective cohort study by McKenzie-Sampson et al indicated that women with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing heart disease postnatally. The study looked at over 1 million women who had given birth, finding that by 25 years after delivery, 190.8 per 1000 women who had had gestational diabetes had been hospitalized for cardiovascular disease, compared with 117.8 per 1000 women who had never developed gestational diabetes. The investigators reported a link between gestational diabetes and increased risk of ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, coronary angioplasty, and coronary artery bypass graft. [28]


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