Which factors suggest a malignant diagnosis in patients with thyroid nodules?

Updated: Jan 09, 2018
  • Author: Steven K Dankle, MD; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD  more...
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Factors suggesting a malignant diagnosis include the following:

  • Age younger than 20 years or older than 70 years

  • Male sex

  • Associated symptoms of dysphagia or dysphonia

  • History of neck irradiation

  • Prior history of thyroid carcinoma

  • Firm, hard, or immobile nodule

  • Presence of cervical lymphadenopathy

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