Which pharmacologic methods of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis are used in orthopedic surgery?

Updated: Jan 28, 2021
  • Author: David A Forsh, MD; Chief Editor: Vinod K Panchbhavi, MD, FACS, FAOA, FABOS, FAAOS  more...
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Many pharmacologic agents are currently available to prevent thrombosis. Agents that retard or inhibit the process belong under the general heading of anticoagulants. Agents that prevent the growth or formation of thrombi are properly termed antithrombotics and include anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs, whereas thrombolytic drugs lyse existing thrombi. There is some evidence to suggest that statins have the potential to reduce recurrent events in patients with VTE. [18]

For the importance of prevention, see Hull and Pineo's 1998 study. [19, 20, 21]

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