What are the possible complications of spinal tumors?

Updated: Nov 01, 2018
  • Author: Andrew A Sama, MD; Chief Editor: Jeffrey A Goldstein, MD  more...
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Answer

Complications associated with spinal tumors can be divided into the following two groups:

  • Complications associated with the tumor, its recurrences, or its metastases - Neurologic complications include radicular pain or focal weakness from impingement on a nerve root [37]  and complete or incomplete paraplegia from direct pressure on the spinal cord
  • Complications associated with surgical, radiation, or chemotherapeutic treatment of the tumors - Complications that result from the treatment modality employed may be related to structures sacrificed during the surgical resection to obtain clear margins, structures in the path of radiation therapy, or the systemic effects of chemotherapy [38]

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