How are C2 fractures classified?

Updated: Nov 21, 2018
  • Author: Igor Boyarsky, DO, FACEP, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Jeffrey A Goldstein, MD  more...
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Levine and Edwards modified a classification system originally proposed by Effendi. This classification system categorizes C2 fractures on the basis of degree of displacement on lateral cervical spine (C-spine) radiographs and on mechanical stability. This system is useful in reconstruction of the injury mechanism and in mapping out a treatment.

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