What is included in the physical exam to evaluate C2 fractures?

Updated: Nov 21, 2018
  • Author: Igor Boyarsky, DO, FACEP, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Jeffrey A Goldstein, MD  more...
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Answer

Clinical examination includes the following:

  • Observe and palpate for deformities and step-offs
  • Test muscle strength and tone of upper and lower extremities
  • Perform sensory testing on upper and lower extremities
  • Perform rectal examination
  • Test trapezius muscles by asking patient to shrug shoulders
  • Observe for  torticollis

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