What is chylomicronemia syndrome?

Updated: Jul 23, 2021
  • Author: Mary Ellen T Sweeney, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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The chylomicronemia syndrome [36, 37] is an often unrecognized and less severe condition than pancreatitis that is usually caused by triglyceride levels greater than 1000 mg/dL. Recurrent episodes of ill-defined abdominal pain that may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting are the most common presenting symptom, but chest pain and dyspnea may sometimes occur. A papular rash may be present on the trunk, thighs, and buttocks, which resolves with treatment. Amylase and lipase are minimally, if at all, elevated. Symptoms resolve when triglyceride levels decrease well below 1000 mg/dL.

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