Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of spinal muscle atrophy (SMA)?

Updated: Nov 05, 2018
  • Author: Ashish S Ranade, MBBS, MS, MRCS; Chief Editor: Jeffrey A Goldstein, MD  more...
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Answer

A history of nutritional intake, nutritional needs, and associated medical conditions, in conjunction with a thorough physical examination, anthropometric measures, body composition, and biochemical markers, should be included in the assessment of patients with SMA. [51, 52] Intervention may include increase or decrease of energy intake. For example, dysphagia may be treated with position changes, volume changes, or thickening of liquids. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy was found to be safe with minimal risks in almost all situations.


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