What physical findings are characteristic of frozen shoulder syndrome (FSS) (adhesive capsulitis)?

Updated: Nov 12, 2020
  • Author: Jefferson R Roberts, MD; Chief Editor: S Ashfaq Hasan, MD  more...
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Answer

On examination, the patient will have tenderness at the deltoid insertion and over the anterior capsule and posterior capsule with deep palpation. Compensatory scapulothroacic motion can create pain around the medial scapula. Forward flexion, abduction, and internal and external rotation of the shoulder should be assessed. Active and passive range of motion at the glenohumeral joint will be reduced, compared with the unaffected shoulder will be present. Limitation of external rotation and abduction will be the most prominent findings.


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