What are conservative treatment options for frozen shoulder syndrome (FSS) (adhesive capsulitis)?

Updated: Nov 12, 2020
  • Author: Jefferson R Roberts, MD; Chief Editor: S Ashfaq Hasan, MD  more...
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Refractory shoulder periscapular pain and limited glenohumeral motion that persists despite attempted conservative treatment are indications for surgery. Conservative treatment can include the following:

  • A course of prednisone [23]

  • A course of a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug when not on prednisone

  • A subacromial or glenohumeral intra-articular injection at least once but not more than twice within a 3-month period

  • Physical therapy for range of motion of the shoulder [24, 25, 26]

  • A physician-directed home therapy program has been shown to have efficacy in helping restore range of motion [27]

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