What disorders are associated with frozen shoulder syndrome (FSS) (adhesive capsulitis)?

Updated: Nov 12, 2020
  • Author: Jefferson R Roberts, MD; Chief Editor: S Ashfaq Hasan, MD  more...
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In addition, an autoimmune theory has been postulated, with elevated levels of C-reactive protein and an increased incidence of HLA-B27 histocompatibility antigen reported in patients with frozen shoulder versus controls. [15, 16] DePalma proposed that muscular inactivity was a major etiologic factor, [17] while Bridgman identified an increased incidence of FSS in patients with diabetes mellitus. [18] Finally, frozen shoulder also has been associated with the following disorders:

  • Cervical spine disease
  • Parkinson disease [19]
  • Hyperthyroidism [20]
  • Hypothyroidism 
  • Ischemic heart disease

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