What are the indications of surgery in the late ambulatory phase of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)?

Updated: Aug 17, 2020
  • Author: Twee T Do, MD; Chief Editor: Jeffrey D Thomson, MD  more...
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Surgery in the late ambulatory phase has generally been ineffective. Likewise, extensive lower-extremity surgery and bracing to regain ambulation within 3-6 months after walking ability is lost is generally ineffective and not considered appropriate.

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