What are complications of muscular dystrophy?

Updated: Aug 17, 2020
  • Author: Twee T Do, MD; Chief Editor: Jeffrey D Thomson, MD  more...
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Answer

Complications of MD usually include the following:

  • Contractures and early wheelchair dependence, even in patients who develop minor musculoskeletal injuries (eg, ankle sprain) and are immobilized
  • Weakness - Prolonged immobilization worsens the clinical weakness caused by MD and ultimately renders the patient nonambulatory status; this exacerbates any developing contractures and potentiates the development of osteopenia or osteoporosis that can lead to limb and vertebral fractures
  • Osteoporosis and fractures (see Management of Osteoporosis and Fractures)
  • Scoliosis
  • Cardiopulmonary failure

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