What are the long-term complications of subacute thyroiditis?

Updated: Mar 23, 2021
  • Author: Stephanie L Lee, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Permanent hypothyroidism is the most frequent long-term complication of de Quervain thyroiditis. It is observed in less than 5-10% of the patients and requires thyroid replacement therapy.

Disease recurrence has been documented in occasional cases (up to 20% of cases in some series). Recurrence is more frequent in the first year but has been reported even 30 years after the initial diagnosis. The risk of recurrence cannot be correlated with initial thyroid function, inflammatory syndrome, or ultrasonographic aspect (ie, thyroid volume, echogenicity).


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